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Biography of Ibrahim Boubacar KEïTA

Mali > Politics : Ibrahim Boubacar KEïTA

Ibrahim Boubacar KEïTA
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Biography :

Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta (B. January 29,1945 ) is a Malian politician. He is currently President of the National Assembly of Mali, having previously served as Prime Minister.

Keïta was born in Koutiala, Mali. He studied at the Lycée Janson-de-Sailly in Paris and Lycée Askia-Mohamed in Bamako, continuing his education at the University of Dakar, the University of Paris I and the Institut d'Histoire des Relations Internationales Contemporaines (IHRIC; Institute of the Modern History of International Relations). He has a Master's degree in History and an additional graduate degree in Political Science and International Relations.

After his studies, he was a researcher at the CNRS and taught courses on Third World politics at the University of Paris I. Returning to Mali, he bacame a technical consultant for the European Development Fund, putting together the first small-scale development program for the European Union's aid activities in Mali. He went on to become Mali director for the French chapter of Terre des Hommes, an international NGO aiding children in the developing world.

As an activist for the Malian Alliance for Democracy (ADEMA-PASJ), Keïta was the campaign chairman for Alpha Oumar Konaré's successful presidential campaign in 1992. The new president named him as his senior diplomatic adviser and spokesman in June 1992, and then in November of the same year appointed him ambassador to Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Burkina Faso and Niger.

In November 1993, he became the Malian Minister of External Affairs, Malians abroad, and African Integration. On February 4 1994, President Alpha Oumar Konaré named him Prime Minister, a position he held until February 2000. He was also president of the Alliance for Democracy, and in 1999 he was named Vice-President of the Socialist International.

Disagreements within his party forced him to resign as Prime Minister on February 14 2000, and then from the leadership of the party that October. He quit the Alliance for Democracy and founded his own party, the Rally for Mali, which he has led since June 2001. He ran for president in 2002, and in the first round of the election, held on April 28, he received about 21% of the vote and took third place, behind Soumaïla Cissé and Amadou Toumani Touré.He contested the validity of this result. Following legislative elections in July 2002, he was elected president of the Mali National Assembly on September 16, 2002.

He ran for president again, as the candidate of the Rally for Mali party in the April 2007 election, having been designated as the party's candidate on January 28 2007.Touré won the election by a landslide, while Keita took second place and 19.15% of the vote. As part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic, a coalition that included Keita as well as three other presidential candidates, Keita disputed the results and sought for the election to be annulled, alleging fraud.On May 19, he said that the FDR would abide by the decision of the Constitutional Court to confirm Touré's victory.

Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta is also President of the Executive Committee of the African Parliamentary Union.
He is married and has four children.

Last update : 08/28/2007

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